HISTORY OF THE GREAT FISHERY OF NEWFOUNDLAND
By Robert de Loture Marine Academy, Paris Gallimard First Edition Copyright by Librairie Gallimard, 1949 Translated from the French by Clyde C. Taylor U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Woods Hole, Massachusetts
As soon as landed on the wharf, the cod passed to a convenient cutting table where they were headed, gutted, split and washed. The fish, opened flat by the operation of splitting, were immediately salted. For that, they were piled orderly. head to tail, each cod being vigorously rubbed with salt. then covered with a layer of salt proportional to its weight. These piles, protected from inclement weather by canvas tarpaulins, remained thus for eight days at the end of which time they constituted the green-salted cod, ready to undergo the long process of drying. To proceed to the latter, the cod, after a careful washing, were laid out, flesh up, on the beach, or, sometimes, on wooden platforms built on posts two or three feet above the ground. Thus expos d during the first day of preparation, they took the “first sunning. The second day the cod were again laid out on by on on the beach. They took the “second sunning” until noon after which they were assembled three by three. On the third day, a third exposure, which lasted th day, constituted the “third sunning. At nightfall they were formed into bunells of eight called “gavelottes” . The “fourth sunning” was given in th same condition as the prceding. On the evening of the fifth sunning, the cod were gathered in larger bundles, the “moutons”. At the end of the day of the sixth sunning”, the cod were amassed in piles of about fifty hundredweight, named “meulons” (haystacks). They were left thus for 6 to 12 days. At the end of this time, the cod were again laid on the beach. This was the seventh sunning, a day in which the piles were reformed in a fashion such that the less dry fish were placed in the upper part. Fifteen days later, the eighth sunning was given in conditions identical to that of the preceding; then one waited a month to give the ninth sunning. The preparations were then terminated and the drying had been so effective that cod thus treated could be sent to the hottest country without fear of spoiling in the course of the voyage. The drying completed by this method required a period of almost four months. It could, then, be applied only to cod captured during the first part of the season. As the date of departure approached the fish under.went a drying more and more incomplete. It became, then, an article of regional exportation or of local consumption on the return home. The last cod caught were put in boxes green-salted in the manner in which the bank boats practiced it.
There are a number of recent changes to the Web Site.
First, the site has been upgraded to SSL (https) which adds additional security and makes it easier to access the site. The URL is now https://johnpnewell.com/ but still can be reached by simply typing johnpnewell.com.
Secondly, the section on “The Dock” has been renamed Newell Family The content remains the same but the new name reflects the focus of this section on my Newell Ancestors.
Thirdly, I have added a new header section called Bareneed that will cover the general history of Bareneed and The Dock. This section is still under construction.
Finally, I have restructured the DNA section and added new sections to provide more detail on my non Newfoundland DNA connections. There is more to come on this topic.
Have not posted any new update for some time since I have been working on a project to explore my roots in the UK and Europe using my Ancestry DNA results. Thanks to my sister Shirley and two 3rd cousins, who are also descended from John Newell & Patience Porter, I was able to plot the earliest know location of distant (5th cousin +) DNA matches who had a Newell or similar name (e.g. Noel, Neville, Knowles) in their tree. I have just started updating the section of the Web Site on My Ancestry DNA Results to reflect the new information.
I have added a new section to the top level page on My DNA. The new section is entitled Search for the Ancestors of Philip Newell and is added to the section on my Ancestry DNA results. This section analyses my distant DNA links (5th + cousin) to people with the Newell, Noel, Knowles and Neville names in their trees.
I have added new information on Grace Newell, daughter of John and Patience, under the Early Newells section.
I recently added a new section o the Andrews family of Port-de-Grave, my father’s mother was Clara Andrews of PDG.
Started a new section, under ‘The Early Newells’ Tab on the Wells family of Salmon Cove. My great grandmother Caroline Wells was from this family but they also had sveral other connections to the Newells of ‘The Dock’.
Added information on Private Wells, who had connections to ‘The Dock’, to my section on WWI see: https://johnpnewell.com/the-dock-nfld/wwi/
For the past several months I have been conducting new research into my DNA (updating research from 5 years ago). This body of research has grown to the extent that I have given it a new top level Tab on the Web Site. This section is still under development.
I have restructured the Web Site to better reflect the information I currently have. I moved information on Newells from other areas of Newfoundland to it’s own section on the opening page. I have also added a section on Merchant Connections under ‘The Dock’.