Education

REPORT OF THE SPG FOR THE YEAR 1821.

At the instance of Mr, Leigh, who had wit- nessed his uncomfortable situation, he [Rev. John Burt] has re-moved to the Parsonage-house at Harbor Grace, holding himself at the disposal of the Society. This position, though of course less eligible for the immediate duties at Carboneer, being at the distance of six or seven miles from the Church, offers many advantages for occasional visits to Robertas Bay and Baremeed. At the former place, where there are 600 Protestants, they propose to erect a small Church; at the latter place [Bareneed], where there is already a Church, there are 200 Protestants, where Divine Service has been performed by Mr. Surrell for the last eighteen months, previously to which it was seldom opened* The inhabitants of this place are generally well disposed, and their poverty renders them fit objects of the Society's attention.

Mr. John Surrell, School-master at Baremeed, having produced respectable testimonials from the inhabitants of that place, has been appointed School-master and Catechist, with the usual salary, subject to the approbation of the Board, and the Bishop of Nova Scotia. He has a Sunday School of about thirty children, and he regularly performs the Church Service on Sundays. There is a very neat little Church at Baremeed, built by the inhabitants.

In 1822 there were 20 boys and 33 girls attending school (total population of Bareneed was approximately 350). This was one of the first schools in Conception Bay. In 1874 the population was 591 and there were 175 children in school. Bareneed, tended to have one of the strongest school systems in Conception Bay and in later years produced an above average number of school teachers.

In 1826 there were 57 children in school at Bareneed. Source: The Colonial Church chronicle, and missionary journal. July 1847. 

Bareneed School 1831

At Bare Need, there is a very interesting Branch School.
The building is nearly completed, and the whole expence,
with the exception of ten pounds presented by this Society,
has hitherto been borne by the inhabitants. There have
been admitted 86 Day, 113 Sunday, and 56 Adult Scholars.

Source: The Ninth Annual Meeting of The Newfoundland and British
North America Societt for Educating the Poor, Held at Exeter Hall, May 1832,

GEORGE F. PAYNE, TEACHER AT BARENEED FROM THE 1850S TO 1893; FIRST POST MASTER AT BARENEED AND “PATRIARCH OF THE SETTLEMENT”.

He and his wife Elizabeth Crane (married in 1849 when he was teaching at Island Cove) had the following children born at Bareneed: Annie Elizabeth b. 1854; Frederick Albert b. 1860 (died same year and buried at Bareneed); Sara Jane b. 1861; Frederica b. 1867; Elizabeth b 1869; Susannah 1873. His son John had a child baptized at Bareneed in 1881. He was likely related to the William Payne from Harbour Grace who married Abigail Boone from Bareneed in 1850.

Extracts from Obit below: Mr. Pane adopted the profession of teaching and was sent by the Colonial and Continent School Society to the neighboring settlement of Island Cove. From there he was soon transferred to Bareneed where he spent the greater part of. his long and honorable career of fifty years an instructor of youth… As time wore on his scholars grew to be men and women.. and he became the patriarch of the settlement.

The 1891 Census shows that there were two Churches (CofE & Methodist) in Bareneed but only one school; the Dock did not have either. The school in Bareneed could accommodate 120 students.

In 1905 there was also a Methodist school with 55 students on the school register and Rebecca Seeley was the teacher.

In the 1911 census for Bareneed 8 adult children were identified as teachers (likely back living with their parents in the summer months).

Name Relations Age Occupation
Cyril Batten Son 19 School Teacher
Joseph Vokey Boarder 18 School Teacher
? Bartlett Daughter 21 Teacher
Annie Boone Daughter 21 Teacher-C.E.B. Educ.
Thomas Seely Son 21 School Teacher
Irene French Daughter 23 School Teacher
Elsie French Daughter 24 School Teacher
Mary Richards Daughter 20 School Teacher
Old photo of St. Mark’s School Bareneed. The school was built in 1912 and Nathan Newell was the Master Builder

During the Christmas Holidays in 1925/26 there were nine teachers who returned home to Bareneed from other locations.

In the 1935 Census there were 12 teachers.

RICHARDSJohn E.Head39Teacher
BARTLETTHazelDaughter30Teacher
BOONEMaryDaughter22Teacher
GREENLANDFredBrother23Teacher
BATTENHermanSon26Teacher
BATTENVictorSon21Teacher
NEWELLVera M.Daughter21School teacher
RICHARDSAllanSon28School teacher
FRENCHWinston O.Son22School Teacher
FRENCHGordon M.Son25School Teacher
FRENCHHaroldSon23School Teacher
FRENCHGrahamSon20School Teacher

In July 1948, B.V. Andrews, a local history buff, noted that the large number of young people leaving Bareneed to pursue teaching careers in other areas was draining the population of Bareneed. He was correct that hundreths of young people left Bareneed during this period and a significant number of those were teachers.

Bernard V. Andrews born Port de Grave,

I recently compiled a list of people born in Bareneed that became teachers (see below) and identified 65 and I likely missed a number of others. While not hundreds this is an impressive number for a community that reached a maximum population of around 600 in the 1890s and was less than half that number by 1950. There are 12 family names in the list: 13 Battens, 11 Richards, 9 Frenchs, 8 Bartletts, 8 Boones, 5 Seeleys, 4 Newells, 3 Geenlands and 1 each for Hampton, Curnew, Lacey and Stevens (Please let me know if I missed anyone).

List of Teachers born in Bareneed, NL up to 1950

The 1890s was the decade when largest number of teaches from Bareneed were born which was when the population of Bareneed (including the Dock) reached 600. The number dropped after 1920 since the population was in a rapid decline (due to out migration) and the people remaining tended to be the elderly.

Newfoundland enacted compulsory schooling late, the same year it legislated free education in 1942. Compulsory ages were set between age seven and fourteen. The province raised the school leaving age to fifteen in 1951. Students attaining fifteen during the school year had to wait until the end of the school term before having the option to leave. After 1963, all provinces enforced a minimum school leaving age of either fifteen or sixteen. These limits remained for many years. Source: P. Oreopoulos, 2005, Canadian Compulsory School Laws.

The number of children in Bareneed declined in the 1940s and 1950s due to out migration and an aging population (decrease in birth rates). In the mid 1950s the high school students from Bareneed started attending St Luke’s School in Port de Grave (in 1960s both Port de Grave and Bareneed high school students were bused to Bay Roberts). The United Church School (west end of Bareneed) closed in the late 1950s. The last School in Bareneed (St. Mark’s, see photo below) closed in the mid 1960s and after this a bus took the few remaining school children to Coleys Point or Bay Roberts.

The Newfoundland Weekly, 1941-01-25, vol. 01, no. 08

The Daily News (St. John’s, N.L.), 1955-06-18
The last School in Bareneed now used as a tea room by the local Heritage Society.

The following photographs show students from Bareneed during different time periods:

School Boys from Bareneed c 1919
Bareneed School Girls c 1950, Photograph by Phyllis Smith 
  Back Row, Left to Right
Ellen Newell daughter of John and Jessie of the Dock
Emmie Mercer daughter of James and Diana
Grace Richards daughter of George and Eliza
Myrtle Bartlett daughter of John and Susie
Verna Batten daughter of Reginald and Sarah Jane
Ida Richards daughter of George and Eliza
Middle Row Right to Left
Effie Boone daughter of William and Rachel
Shirley Newell daughter of John R and Gladys
Pearl Mercer daughter of James and Diana
Marion Batten daughter of Walt and Ada of the Dock
Sandra Boone daughter of Ike Jr and Jean.
Front Row Left to Right
Calvin Batten son of Walt and Ada of the Dock
Barbra Mercer daughter of James and Diana
Grades 1-8, St. Mark’s 1961 with teacher Walter Dawe
Students Back Row L to R: Roy Lush, Barbra Lush; Alice Boone; Irene Batten, Myra Mercer; Betty Richards, Cyril Boone. Front Row L to R: Roy Richards, Loyd Lush , Pearl Richards; John Newell, Beatrice Richards , Howard French, Douglas French, Donald Boone, Eileen French (thanks to Alice Boone for help with IDs). Teacher year after this Mrs Chalk.