The 1817 Census of Bareneed Number of inhabitants in the Harbour of Brigues, Cupids, Bear Need and Port de Grave ending September 27th 1817 was compiled by Capt Buchan RN. The Governor was away for the summer and did not return until September 30th, shortly after the date of this report. Buchan likely compiled the information for the Governor to prepare for what was expected to be another bad winter (food shortages and riots) in Newfoundland.
The following Table presents the information in the 1817 Census for Bareneed (Bear Need). The Table was compiled from the transcription on the Newfoundland’s Grand Banks Web Site; however, I have corrected several errors. For example, the Supplier Pack was transcribed as W. Pack but my interpretation is Mr. Pack, Bay Roberts. I have also restructured the population data into three categories: Children, Servants (now includes M & F) and Total.
|2||Th’s Boon Senr||3||5||Mr. Pack, Bay Roberts||Distressed|
|3||Ab’m Boone||4||6||Graham Bare Need||ditto|
|4||Jacob Hall||3||4||9||Pack||Well off|
|5||Th’s Boon John Son||4||5||11||Pinsent||D|
|6||Th’s Boon Wm Son||4||6||Pack||Distressed|
|8||Ch’s Boone Abm Son||1||3||6||Natale & Cawly||ditto|
|9||Th’s Boon Junr||2||1||5||John Moore||ditto|
|10||John Boone Abm Son||2||1||5||Graham||ditto|
|11||Ben Batton||5||1||8||Johnston||well off|
|13||John Batton Wm Son||3||2||7||Graham||ditto|
|14||John Batton Sam’l Son||5||4||11||Johnston||ditto|
|15||Edw’d Snow E son||6||8||John Moore||Distressed|
|16||Wm Snow ditto||2||4||ditto||ditto|
|17||John Snow ditto||6||8||Ths Bartlett||ditto|
|18||Wm Snow Senr||4||6||ditto||ditto|
|20||Edw’d Snow W Son||2||1||5||Ths Danson||ditto|
|21||Th’s Snow E Son||2||1||5||ditto||Well off|
|22||Ch’s Morgan||2||4||John Moore||Distressed|
|23||Thomas Snow Snr||1||3||Graham||ditto|
|24||Elias Picco||2||ditto||Well off|
|25||Jacob Delany||1||1||4||N & Cawly||D|
|26||John Boon Son Th’s||5||7||W Pack||Distressed|
|27||Th’s Bartlett Senr||3||2||7||Sundry Merchants||all well off|
|28||Isaac Richards||4||4||10||Natale & Cawley||D|
|29||Wm Bartlett||7||9||Ths Bartlett||D|
|30||Th’s Bartlett Junr||6||1||9||ditto||D|
|32||John Richards Senr||4||3||10||Pencent||D|
|33||Elias Filleul||4||6||Ths Bartlett||Distressed|
|36||John Filler||2||John Moore||ditto|
|37||John Moore||2||9||13||Pack||well off|
|38||Sam’l Stephens||4||6||Ths Bartlett||Distressed|
|40||Hard Stephens||2||4||John Moore||ditto|
|41||John Bucham||5||3||11||Johnston||well off|
|42||John Curlew||2||3||Graham||well off|
|44||Samuel Curlew||1||3||ditto||well off|
|45||Dan’l Deleany||5||7||John Moore||bad off|
|46||Sam’l Bradberry||4||6||Ths Bartlett||D|
|47||Batt Corbin Senr||1||1||4|
|48||Batt Corbin Jnr||2||Edwd French||well|
|50||Edward French||3||1||6||Graham||bad off|
|51||James Butler||4||6||12||Ths Danson||well|
|52||Wm Turner||5||7||Graham||? only|
|53||Philip Nule||4||1||5||Natale & Cawley||Well Off|
|54||Isaac Daw||1||1||Ths Bartlett||Distressed|
|Total 158||6.1 avg|
The Survey was organized by town (Port de Grave, Bareneed, Cupids, Brigus) with Bareneed including people living at the head of Bay de Grave (Otterbury, Northern Gut, Clarke’s Beach, Southern Gut and Salmon Cove). The data for Bareneed was listed in two sections; the first group starting with #2 (#1 blank) Thomas Boon Senior who likely lived just east of the current wharf and going east to Jacob Delaney (#25) in the east end of Bareneed. The second group starting with John Boone (#26), who likely lived west of Thomas) and running in a general east to west direction (counter clockwise around the Bay). I have assumed, based on my research, that Isaac Daw (Dawe) was the last resident of what is now Bareneed and that the remaining people in the list (not included in list above) were living in what is now the Otterbury, North River, Clarke’s Beach and Salmon Cove.
The 1817 census not only listed householders but also included statistics on their wives, children and servants (M & F). In addition it includes the name of the supplier (merchant) each planter used and a general indication of their economic state (e.g. Well Off, Distressed). The following is a list of the Merchants and the number of planters they supplied.
|Graham (& Co.)||Scotland & Bareneed||10|
|Pack, Likely Robert||Bay Roberts||6|
|Johnston, William||Scotland & St. John’s||4|
|Natale & Cawley||Harbour Grace||4|
|Danson, Thomas||Harbour Grace||3|
|Pincent, William||Port de Grave||2|
|French, Edward||the Dock / Bay Roberts||1|
This list is somewhat misleading since Graham (operating as Patten, Graham & Co) had difficulties 1816 and likely lost a number of clients prior to 1817. In addition, in some cases there were multiple layers with some small merchants using larger merchants as their supplier (see History 1805-1818 Section for more info on Merchants).
Details on Families
The following list gives some background information on the individuals listed. The List is organized in a West to east direction starting with #54 Isaac Daw (Dawe) in the west end of the Dock then moving east to #26 John Boon. At this point the order of the list changes direction so the next person to the east is #2 Thomas Boon Senr. followed by #3 Ab’m Boone and ending in the eastern end of Bareneed with #25 Jacob Delany.
#54 Isaac Daw / Dawe:
This was likely the same property listed as belonging to Samuel Dawe in the 1805 Plantation Book.
Under the name of the person presently occupying the plantation in 1805 it gives Samuel Dawe Children which may suggest that the land had transferred to Samuel’s children.
The following Map shows The Dock (western part of Bareneed) with the ocean frontage (width) of the Plantations listed in the 1805 Plantation Book.
The Daw /Dawe family was one of the first to settle in Port de Grave and likely had fishing operations there when John Guy arrived in 1610 (Gerald W. Andrews, 1997). Isaac was the only Daw listed in the 1817 Census as living in Bareneed but in the same census there were 23 Daws listed as living in Port de Grave and surrounding Coves and 3 as living in Cupids.
In 1782 a Sam and Ann Daw had a son Isaac who would have been in his mid 30s in 1817. This Isaac fits with the Isaac Daw of Bareneed who was buried in 1833 with his age given as 52 years.
In the 1817 Census Isaac Daw is listed with his wife and one child and is described as “Distressed”. If he is the Isaac who died in 1833 then he would have been in his mid 30s in 1817 so it is possible that he had more children after this. There is no evidence of him having a son (which is not proof that he did not); however, there are several candidates for daughters two of whom married in December, 1830. These were: Grace who married Robert Turner (KN indicates that grooms name was Richard) who was likely the son of their neighbour William Turner (#52) and Providence who married Robert Tilley from Kelligrews. There was also of a Catharine Daw of Bareneed who married Henry Butler of PDG in October 1830 (source KN). It is difficult to reconcile these reports with the data for the 1817 Census which show Isaac only having one child in 1817. It is possible that some of these girls were:
- missed in the Census,
- were living elsewhere in 1817 (KN suggest with grandfather in PDG),
- or were Isaac’s sisters or other relatives who moved to Bareneed after 1817.
I currently suspect that Richard/Robert Turner may have acquired part of the Dawe property through his marriage to Grace Dawe and subsequently sold it to my great great grandfather John Newell (who owned the adjoining property to the east) in 1839 (record of sale from my early notes related to research by Harold Newell).
A Web Site The Descendants of Issac Daw and Rebecca Beecham has this Bareneed Isaac being the son of Isaac Daw (Sr.) of Cornwall and Rebecca Beecham (Beauchamp) of Bareneed. This might fit if Isaac of Bareneeed was a nephew of Samuel but there is not sufficient strong evidence to support either argument.
Another possible theory is that the Samuel Daw listed as the owner of the Bareneed property in 1805 was Samuel of Port de Grave (i.e. owned multiple properties) and that Isaac was his son and was living there in 1817. Under this theory after Isaacs death the property transferred to other members of the family.
The next snapshot of residents of this area was a Voters List compiled in 1835 (only listed male landowners). This list includes a large number of Daws / Dawes from Port de Grave, several from Cupids and Burnt Head (south shore of Bay de Grave), two (Abraham and John) from the Dock, Bareneed and one from Long Beach (Coley’s Point).
|DAWE, Samuel Senior||Cupids|
|DAWE, Samuel Junior||Cupids|
|DAWE, William||Burnt Head|
|DAWE, John||Burnt Head|
|Daw, John||Long Beach|
In the 1840s there were another set of Daw girls from Bareneed who were married:
- 16 Dec 1841 Wilmot, Bareneed to Richard Newell, Bareneed
- 17 May 1842 Elizabeth, Bareneed to Jacob Curlew, Bareneed
- 14 Dec 1843 Mary, Bareened to Isaac Morgan, Port de Grave
It is possible that these might be Isaac’s children born between 1817 and the mid 1820s.
The next record set is a Report of the Newfoundland Church Society from 1847 which counts contributors to the Church. This list has a Benjamin Daw, in the Dock and three Daws in “The Ponds” (area west of Black Duck Pond currently in Coleys Point). Again these could be Isaac’s children or Daws from Port de Grave who moved west. A lot of Port de Grave fishermen were moving further inland during this period. Descendants of the Dawe family from The Pond indicate that their ancestors came from Port de Grave.
The Benjamin Daw listed above had two sons Baptized in The Dock.
- Sept 5, 1859 The Dock DAW, Benjamin & Caroline son John,
- June 20, 1861 The Dock DAW, Benjamin & Caroline son Samuel
Benjamin and Caroline were likely the Benjamin DAWE bach, Port de Grave and Caroline FRENCH spin, St John’s who married in St. John’s on Nov 3, 1845.
In Lovell’s Directory compiled in 1871 there were 5 Dawes listed as living in Bareneed (likely included The Ponds).
- Dawe Charles, fisherman,
- Dawe Isaac, fisherman,
- Dawe John, fisherman,
- Dawe Joseph, fisherman,
- Dawe, William, fisherman.
In the Newfoundland Census for 1911 there were no Dawes living in ‘The Dock’, one family living in Bareneed (John born 1873 in Ship Cove, PDG) and six living in Black Duck Pond (now Coley’s Point). There is clear evidence of the Daw / Dawe family continuing to live in Bareneed (including The Ponds) after 1817 but no clear evidence of them continuing to occupy the original grant.
#53 Philip Nule/Noel/ Newell
Philip Nuel is listed in the 1817 Census as having a wife, 4 children and one man servant. He was described as “well off”.
This is the same Philip listed in the 1805 Plantation Book as Philip Noel and listed in a 1820 copy of the Plantation Book record that I still have as Philip Newell (see below).
Transcript of 1820 copy of above: “Philip Newell 175 yards from NE to SW bounded SW by Samuel Dawe on the NE by Thomas Sullivan 68 yards from HWM [High Water Mark] to the N by W bounded N by the woods. 1 stage 2 flakes 1 home 1 garden 1 meadow_____ Cut and cleared agreeable to the act of Wm 3. [King William III] Chap. 25, Sect 7 ____________ date of Entry 1785 ________The foregoing is a true Copy taken from the records this 28 day of Jan 1820. I still have the original of this 1820 copy and Philip likely had it made for his records.
The approximate east/west extent of Philip’s Plantation is shown on the earlier Map (see discussion of Isaac Daw above).
This Philip was my 3X great grandfather and his family is described in more detail in other sections of this Web Site. In November 1784 Philip married Amy Batton [of Bareneed] at St. Pauls’ Church, Harbour Grace. At that time this was the closest Church to ‘the Dock’ (~20 km north ) and many people from other communities in Conception Bay were married there.
Philip was also referenced as Newall in a 1819 Court Case.
Philip had two sons James (1786-1849) and John (1793-1855, my 2X great grandfather). When Philip died the Plantation was divided between the two sons with John getting the western half and James the eastern half. After their deaths each part was further divided among their sons. One of John’s sons acquired a section of the Dawe Plantation.
In subsequent generations parts of the Newell Plantation were either sold or passed to other male lines through marriage; however, several sections of John’s property still remain in the family.
#52 William Turner
The property occupied by William Turner in 1817 was likely the Plantation listed as belonged to Thomas Sullivan in the 1805 Plantation Book. Unlike the two Plantations described above which were dated as 1785 and 1786 in the 1805 Plantation Book, this plantation was listed as registered in 1802. We