Newalls of Scotland III
© by John P. Newell
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This Document is a continuation of the reports Newalls of Scotland I & II, which covered the period up to 1649.
The period from 1650 to 1700 was one of the most troubled in Scottish history. By 1648 Cromwell’s army was in Scotland protecting the Covenanters (Presbyterians) and in 1650 Cromwell marched on Edinburgh and subsequently occupied much of southern Scotland. For the next decade Southern Scotland was controlled by the English. In 1660 the monarchy was restored and Scotland resumed its status as a separate kingdom; however, the later Stuarts did not have the same connection to Scotland as James I and Charles I. Charles II restored the old Church of Scotland and suppressed the Covenanters. As a result the Presbyterians become an underground movement in the southwest and the next several decades became known as the Killing Times as Covenanters were hunted down. The crowning of William of Orange in 1689 reduced religious tensions with the Covenanters but led to resistance from supporters of the Stuarts. This led to the first Jacobite uprising in the highlands. To make matters worse the 1690s was a period of famine in Scotland.
In terms of Scottish colonization schemes the most important event during this period was the establishment, by an Act of the Scots Parliament, of the Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies, better known as the “Darien Company”. In 1698 the ships of the first Darien expedition sail from Leith with 1,200 settlers, bound for Panama; a second expedition with another 1000 settlers sailed the following year. The Darien scheme was a complete and disastrous failure. Around one quarter of Scotland’s liquid assets was lost in the venture and some 2,000 people perished http://www.nls.uk/exhibitions/treasures/scotland-and-darien.
Newalls of Scotland 1650-1700
1654 birth Robert Newall son of Robert at Culcross
NEWALL ROBERT so ROBERT NEWALL/ 0 29/10/1654 343/ 10 106 Culross
1656 James Newall, weaver, Dumfries.
PRINCE CHARLES’S TRIBUTE MONEY. We give verbatim the list of the parties who contributed, with the amount of their contributions, as it appears in the Town Council Minutes… from James Newall, weaver, fyve shills
1657 Adam Newall Married Agnes Adamson at Dumfries
|Marriage date||Nov 1657|
|Marriage place||Dumfries, Dumfries, Scotland|
|Spouse’s first name(s)||Agnes|
|Spouse’s last name||Adamsone|
|Record set||Scotland Marriages 1561-1910|
|Category||Birth, Marriage, Death & Parish Records|
Note: Poss the Adam born 1638.
1657 Adam Newall freiman [freeman] of Shoemakers Guid, Dumfries.
The minutes of the shoemakers go back to the 23rd of October, 1657; and as an entry of that date gives the list of the entire freemen than belonging to the trade, it is worthy of being subjoined. It runs thus: – “The whilk day the whole body of the shoemaker trade of the burgh of Drumfreis and Bridgend having convened with the deacons, masters, and box-master of the said trade at the Chrystall Chapple, having finished their former buik, have fund it expedient that the names of all the frimen be insert in this builk, viz: – John Maxwell, deacon; John Scott, lait deacon; Robert Neilson, treasurer; William Paterson, Thomas Hayning, Andro Grierson, John Dickson at Goatheid, and John Dickson at Porthole, masters; James Wright, officer; Thomas Kirkpatrick, Henry Grierson, John Freemont (elder), John Wright, Thomas Dickson, James Heron, James Smith, James Hayning, John Braidfoot, John Freemont (younger), William Swan, James Mason, John Batie, Archbald Edintoun, Adam Newall, William Henrison, Robert Urie, and William M’Kinnell, freimen in Drumfreis, and indwellers there, and thereupon the said deacon, masters, and haill body of the said trade have received articles, R.Bartane, clerk. And further the same day they thocht it expedient to insert in this buik the names of their freimen dwelling at Bridgend, viz.: – Edam Kirkpatrick, Robert M’Kill, John Welsh, David Welsh, William Crosbie, John Denholm, James Wilson, John Lewis, William Irving, Thomas Williamson (elder), Thomas Williamson (younger), and Thomas Lewis, R. Bartane, clerk.” [Minute-book of the Shoemakers, in the possession of a surviving freeman, Mr. Williamson, Dumfries.]
Note: Shoemakers were one of the original seven trades of Dumfries.
1657 Will James Newall, smith, burgess of Dumfries
1658 Will Alexander Newall, in Dalswintoun
Note: Dalswinton is 6 mi NNW of Dumfries
1662 Walter Newall of New Abbey and John Newall, younger at Kirkcudbright
March 2, 1662: [Troqueer] Assignation by John Mulligane in Drummillan Mill (for a certain sum of money presently advanced to him) in favour of Major James Maxwell of Glenhair of a bond for £52 Scots by Cuthbert Brown of Craigend (dated 21st May 1662). Date at New Abbey on March 2, 1662 and witnessed by John Brown of Nunland, Walter Newall of New Abbey and John Newall, younger.
(Source: Kirkcudbright Sheriff Court Deeds 1623-1675, no. 1403)
Note: The John Newell of 1629 may be the father of this John Newell Jr.
1663 John Newall elected Bailie at Kirkcudbright after ouster of old Provost and Balies due to their failure to put down pro covenanter roits.
These Commissioners were the Earls of Linlithgow, Galloway, and Annandale, Lord Drumlenrig, and Sir John Wauchope of Nidrie, and they were accompanied by military force. They met at Kirkcudbright in May, 1663, and called before them all those who were supposed to have been engaged in the riot
A new election of magistrates was then ordered. William Ewart was chosen Provost; John Newall and Robert Glendinning, Bailies; and John Livingstone, Treasurer. They all accepted office, and signed a Bond for the faithful discharge of their duties.
1664 Adam Newall of Barskeoch
From October 1664 Adam Newall of Nether Barskeoch had sasine (legal possession of a feudal property) of Drumbuie. This followed his marriage to Elizabeth Chalmers, James Chalmers’ sister. The Newall family continued in possession of Barskeoch and Drumbuie until 1787 when the farms were sold to William Forbes of Callendar, Linlithgowshire.
Note: Drumbuie was recorded in 1456 as ’Drumboy’ in the list of land forfeit to the Crown by the 9th Earl of Douglas. McKerlie  refers to Drumbuie as being part of the lands of Barskeoch NX 58 82 Barskeoch was also amongst the lands forfeit in 1456. According to McKerlie, Alexander Gordon , the second son of William Gordon of Lochinvar ‘obtained’ Barskeoch in 1505. However by 1646 there were wadsets (mortgages with a conditional right of redemption) on Barskeoch in favour of John Chalmers in April 1646 and James Chalmers in April 1664.
1665 Adam Newall (later chamberlain on the Earl of Southesk ) married Sarah Herries
Sarah, wife of Adam Newall, factor and chamberlain on the Earl of Southesk’s estates, was presumably marrled after her father’s death, Her father was Robert Hereis [Herries] of Annondale , minister of Goddis word at Drysdaill [Dryfesdale]. He died just before May, 1662. His tomb in the Old Churchyard of Drvfesdale.
Note RE Date: Mr Herries married at South Leith, September, 1618, Janet Mackison. She was still living on the 4th November, 1670, when she went to the house and lands of Halldykes, and, in accordance with a disposition of that date in favour of Robert Herries, her larvful son, she gave him formal possession of her horses, nolt, and sheep in her barns or pasturing on the land, also of her corn and grain both in barn or sown on the ground, and of her insight and plenishing in the dwelling-house, and of other possessions. Mr Herries and Janet Mackison had certainly four children, perhaps more. A daughter, Margaret, was married to William Herries of Corytoun before the r6th Novernber, r658, Another daughter, Sarah, wife of Adam Newall, factor and chamberlain on the Earl of Southesk’s estates, was presumably marrled after her father’s death, for the testament dative of her husband, who died in 1683, confirmed at Dumfries the March, 1684, shows that her marriage had the consent of her mother, ” Janet Makesoune, ” and of her brother, Robert Herries.
1665 Sara Fergusson married to Adam Newall of Barskeoch
Sara Fergusson, married to Adam Newall of Barskeoch, by contract dated Craigdarroch, 29th Nov. 1665, who bare him several children, all deceased
Note: William Fergusson Marriage of daughters
- Nicholas m. Alexander Gordoun, 17 Nov 1646 contract [GD77/174/5]
- Sara m. Adam NEWALL of Barskeoch 29 Nov 1665 contract [GD77/174/10]
1665 Adam Newall Chamberlain to Jean Viscountess of Stormont & James Viscount of Stormont
Mackenzie office Dundee Register of Deeds 1661-1670
Note RE: James Murray, 2nd Earl of Annandale, 3rd Viscount of Stormont(d. 1658). James, son of John the first earl, and fourth person in the foresaid substitution, who was third viscount Stormont,* and was served heir of tailzie to the said Mungo in the lordship and barony of Scoon, in May 1642. The honours of Stormont continued in the possession of the earl of Annandale for sixteen years,* that the earl died without issue, anno 1658.
1665 Will James Newall, Notar, Kirrcudbrightshire
1665 Robert Newall so Archbald and Margaret Wilson Inveresk and Musselburgh
NEWALL ROBERT so ARCHBALD NEWALL/MARGARET WILLSON FR799 (FR799)
0 16/04/1665 689/30 84 Inveresk and Musselburgh
Note: Inveresk and Musselburgh East of Edinburgh
1666 Adam Newall Chamberlain to the Earl of Southesk registered deed
Register of Deeds Scotland Dalrymple office
1666 Martin Newall Bailie Dumfries
1667 marriage Robert Newall, slater to Agnes Mitchell at Edinburgh
1667 Adam Newall Chamberlain to the Earl of Southesque
The Viscount of Stormont [David, fourth viscount] ag‘ [against] Robert Herreis of Haldkyes Deforcement, … for Deforcement of James Murray, messenger, in executing Letters of Poinding at the Viscount’s instance ag1 Adam Newall, Chamberlain to the Earl of Southesque, by firing a pistol at Gilbert Cowpar, one of the messenger’s assistants, and thereafter assaulting him with his drawn sword.
Note #1: He [Herries] was imprisoned for a few weeks in 1667 for using both weapons against James Murray, messenger, and his party, who were trying to execute letters of poinding against Adam Newall,
Note #2: Herries Adam Newall’s brother –in-law
Note #3: Poinding in Scots law that diligence whereby a debtor’s property is carried directly to a creditor.
Note #4: David 4th Viscount Stormont
- James Murray, 2nd Earl of Annandale, 3rd Viscount of Stormont(d. 1658)
- David Murray, 4th Viscount of Stormont(c. 1636–1668)
Sir ANDREW MURRAY, who married lady Elizabeth Carnegie,* daughter to David first earl of Southesk, afterwards lord Balvaird, who was second son of David, succeeded his brother Gilbert, and was the sixth in the substitution before noticed. Being himself a younger brother, was bred to the church, and was appointed minister of the parish of Abdie in Fife,*anno 1618.
He [Sir Andrew Murray] died 24th September 1644, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
- DAVID, second lord Balvaird, who, upon the death of James earl of Annandale, and third viscount Stormont, succeeded to the lordship of Scoon, and title of Stormont, in virtue of the substitution in the charter 1616, and the patent in 1622, above narrated, where the honours are limited to the heirs∣male, &c.and was the fourth viscount Stor∣mont.
He was served heir of tailize to Mungo viscount Stormont, in the lordship and barony of Scoon; the service of James earl of An∣nandale, and infestment following thereon, as heir to the said Mungo, having been declar∣ed void by a decreet of declarator of the court of session, obtained at lord Balvaird’s instance against him, for having contraveened the provisions in the entail, by contracting of debts,* which debts are also declared void and null. The decreet of declarator is dated 27th February 1662.
1669 Birth of Jonet Newalle child Robert and Agnes at Leith South
NEWALLE JONET child of ROBERT NEWALLE/AGNES MITCHELL FR775 (FR775)
0 16/05/1669 692/2 30 70 Leith South
1670 Birth Adam Newall son of Willam at Dumfries
|Baptism date||14 Jul 1670|
|Baptism place||DUMFRIES, DUMFRIES, SCOTLAND|
|Father’s first name(s)||William|
|Father’s last name||Newall|
|Mother’s first name(s)||–|
Note: See 1732 for poss Will of above
1670 Robert Newall, lait clerk of Culrois [Culross]
In an inquest held under date September 14, 1670, for serving George Lumsdane heir to his father, Sir James Lumsdane of Innergellie, there occur among the names of the jurors, ” Robert Newall, lait clerk of Culrois ; Andro Gray, merchant, burges therof ; and Hercules Huntar, chirurgeon, within the samjme.” This is the earliest notice that I have found of a resident Esculapius in Culross.
Note #1. Culross [Culrois] situated between Edinburgh and Stirling
Note #2: Culross Palace is a late 16th – early 17th century merchant’s house in Culross, Fife, Scotland. The palace, or “Great Lodging”, was constructed between 1597 and 1611 by Sir George Bruce, the Laird of Carnock. Bruce was a successful merchant who had a flourishing trade with other Forth ports, the Low Countries and Sweden. He had interests in coal mining and salt production (wiki).
Note #3: see 1644 (for birth of Margaret daughter of Robert at Culross), 1648 (for birth of John son Robert Newall at Culross) ; 1654 (for birth of Robert Son Robert at Culross), 1676 and 1684. See also 1688 (Alloa), 1697 (Alloa) and 1687 (Canongate)
1671 Birth Gilbert Newaill child of Robert and Agnes at South Leith
NEWAILL GILBERT ROBERT NEWAILL/AGNES MITCHELL FR795 (FR795) 0
02/04/1671 692/2 30 108 Leith South
1671 supplication by Adam Newall in behalf of some people and tenants in Annandale
The act of the Scottish Parliament on which the Annandale saltmakers founded this right to exemption from duty is dated 12th July 1671 and proceeds on a supplication by Adam Newall in behalf of some people and tenants in Annandale who by their industry and wholesome labour do from sand draw salt and who in regard to the painfulness and singularity of the work have been free of public imposition or exaction until the year 1656 or thereby that the late usurper contrary to all reason equity or former practice forced from them an exaction to their overthrow and ruin and thereby dispossessed them so that they are in a starving condition Several attempts were at different times made to subject the Annandale salt to the payment of the usual duty but without success
1672 Adam Newall chamberlian to Robert, Earl of Southesk; Archibald Newall, John Newall and Robert Newall sons of John N of Inglestoun; Gilbert Newall, Diswinten; John Newall town Clerk, Kerkburshire.
Index to Register of Deeds Scotland 1672
Note #1: There are several Inglestons in Kirkcudbrightshire and Dumfriesshire but this is likely Ingleston, New Abbey Parish, Kirkcudbrightshire. It is on the opposite side of River Nith from Caerlaverock Castle, a stronghold of the Maxwells. Currently a farm but there is an Ingleston motte (old castle) on site so it may have been part of the defences for Caerlaverock Castle. See also previous discussion RE 1585 reference to Newalls at New Abbey; over which Maxwell was superior. There are also references to Newalls at this Ingleston in 1819. [1819 New abbey: John Newall’s Ingleston worth fifty four pound seven shillings six pennies]
Note #2: Diswenton/Dalleswinton is likely Dalswinton a villiage 6 miles north of Dumfries. Dalswinton was the home of a branch of the Maxwells and in 1790 David Newall, writer in that town was a factor on the Dalswinton estate.
1673 birth Robert Newell so Robert and Agnes at South Leith
NEWELL ROBERT ROBERT NEWELL/AGNES MITCHELL FR814 (FR814) 0
22/05/1673 692/2 30 146 Leith South
1673 Martin Newall, late bailie Dumfries
James Ross, the dyer, had been obliged to humble himself before the Kirk Session on 5 Oct. 1673, for saying that he had given Martin Newall, late bailie, ” the selling of 16 ells of shiff and of half ane plaid for his kindness and friendship ” whilst bailie
1674 Margaret, spouse to Andrew Newall, in Endrick [Endrig].
Note #1: Endrig/ Endrick/ Enrig (see 1920s map below, now abandoned) was near Girthorn on the road between Gatehouse of Fleet and Kirkcudbright (~7 mi from Kirkcudbright). It is situated in Girthon Parish near border with Kirkcudbright.
Map : Enrick and Littleton near Gatehouse of Fleet c. 1920s http://www.kirkcudbright.co/places.asp?ID=23
Note #2.This reference and those for 1676 and 1680 (see below) indicate that Newalls were established in in Endrick [Endrig] and Littletown by the 1670s. In the early 17th century the Gordons of Lochinver were the Lairds of this area. Sir Robert Gordon had a brother Alexander of Endrig, who died without issue before 4 June 1627.
Note #3: At the epoch of the Reformation the revenues of the parsonage and vicarage of Girthon were let to John Gordon of Lochinver for 113 6s 8d
1674 Adam Newall bond of caution for Robert Herries
1674 we find an Adam Newall entering into a bond of caution for his relative Robert Herries of Halldykes, that the latter should not harm the Murrays of Brockelrig, their tenants or servants.
Newall entered into a bond of caution at Halldykes, the 2nd July, 1674, that ” Robert Herries of Halldyckis ” would not trouble or injure Andrew Murray of Brockelrig, or his family, tenants, or servants. Robert Herries had also in 1674 a quarrel on hand with James Carlyle of Boytath
[Footnote of above] Lord Iladykes (Ruvigny’s Jacobite Peerage, p. 44, where a note explains that Hadykes is Halldykes, “pronounced Ha’dykes,” near Lockerbie). Stormont’s fourth son was the famous Earl of Mansfield.
1674 Adam Newall, lived at Hoddom Castle, then belonging to Lord Southesk
Adam Newall, who [in 1674] lived at Hoddom Castle, then belonging to Lord Southesk,
Note #1: MapHoddom Castle
Note #2: The lands of Hoddom or Hoddam belonged to the Herries family, allies of the Bruce family who were Lords of Annandale from 1124. It passed to the Carruthers family, and then to the Maxwells. At the core of the castle is an L-plan tower house, built in the 16th century. It was probably built for Sir John Maxwell, who acquired Hoddom in the mid 16th-century when he married the heiress Agnes, Lady Herries. Maxwell also built Repentance Tower, on the hill to the south, as a watchtower for the castle. . It was acquired by Sir Richard Murray from the 6th Lord Herries, and then became the property of the Earl of Southesk in 1653. In 1690 it passed to the Sharpe family. Wiki
1675 Will Helen Newall, relict of Andrew Corsbie, merchant, burgess of Dumfries
Ibid the-commissariot-record-of-dunblane-register-of-testaments-1539-1800 above
1676 Will William Newall in Littletoun [Littleton near Enrick] Kirkcudbrightshire
Littleton near Enrick see: http://www.kirkcudbright.co/places.asp?ID=23
1676 Robert Newall Clerk Culrois [Culross]
“Att the Paroche Church of Culrois, the twenty-sixt day of March 1676.
“The whilk day their did conveene within the session hous of the said church ane noble and potent Earle, Alexander, Earle of Kincardin, Johne Sands, ane of the lait baillies of Culrois, and Patrick Sands in Yaleyfield, lait elderis of the said church-seasion of Culrois, with Maister Johne Birnet, minister thairof; and considering the manifold disorderis that hes bene in this church through want of discipline thir many yearis bygone, they thairfor thought it most fitt to ad some new persons within the toun and landwart paroche of Culrois, who, together with thameeelves, might concur and assist the minister in exercing of Christian discipline within the said church in tyme coming, and in taking notice of the people within the samyne; and for that effect, having nominat and choysen Bobert Newall thair present dork [clerk], did unanimouslie elect, nominat, and choose thir persones following to be elders in the said church— they are to say,
Note #1: Culross [Culrois] situated between Edinburgh and Stirling
Note #2: See 1670 & 1684
1677 (Incorrect) Adam Newall Chamberlain to the Earl of Southesque
(Date on this Ref incorrect should be 1667)
Robert Herreis of Haldkyes^” [sic] was imprisoned from 12 July to 6 August 1677 for ” Deforcement of James Murray, messenger,” when executing ” letters of • Poinding” at^the instance of Lord Stormont against Adam Newall,t “Chamberlain to the Earl of Southesque, by firing a pistol at Gilbert Cowpar, one of the messenger’s assistants, and thereafter assaulting him with his drawn Sword.”
1677 Adam Newall of Barskeoch registered arms at the Lord Lyon’s office
Note: Barskeoch near St John’s, Dalry, and Earlstoun both in Kirkcudbright.
Arms NEWALL OF BARSKEOCH 1677
The arms granted were: “Parted per saltire gu. and arg. three bustards rising counter changed of the second and first.” Paul does not record crests or mottoes but it is quite usual to have the main charge from the arms as a crest and the Newalls of Barskeoch crest is a bustard with a pen in it’s claw.
1678 Adam Newall Barskeoch land in Drumbuie
Turning to the Kirkcudbright Sheriff Court Deeds, there are two tacks for Drumbuie, both granted by Adam Newall of Barskeoch [ Entries 1280i and 1938ii]. The first tack is from December 1678 and the second from May 1686.
1679 Thomas Newell [note spelling] lawful son to umquhile [deceased] Herbert Newell Preston
Note #1: Preston in SE Scotland but this Likely West Preston [AKA Prestonmill] ; Kirkbean; Kirkcudbrightshire 14 miles S of Dumfries near Carsethorn
Note #2: In 1621 Robert, 9th Lord Maxwell received the lands and barony of Preston ‘ with the castles and manor places’. A ‘James Maxwell of Wraithes’ is recorded in 1655. After the 2nd Earl of Nithsdale founded preston town in 1663, it is thought that Wreaths was superceded as the principal residence by a newer building at Cavens. In 1667 John Corbet, the former bailie in Dumfries held sasine on the lands as ‘John Corbet of Wreaths’,
Note #3: Re Kirkbean: see 1583 & 1585
1680 Death James Newell at Duffus, Morayshire
Note #1: Duffus a seaside village in Moray, northern Scotland
Note #2: There is no evidence of other Newells or Newalls in this area prior or after this so he may have been here on business [see Note #4] or was a sailor.
Note #3: The title Lord Duffus was created by Charles II in the Peerage of Scotland on 8 December 1650 for Alexander Sutherland. James, second Lord Duffus, succeeded his father in 1674. He is found attending the Scots Parliament in 1678, 1681, 1685, and became a Privy Councillor in 1686. He appears to have become considerable embarrassed by debt.
Note #4. There are a number of potential links between Duffus, Morayshire and the Newalls of SW Scotland:
Note #4a: the Murrays, Viscounts of Stormont [see Adam Newall chamberlain to Viscount of Stormont] had links to Duffus
Note # 4b: The Gordons of Gordonstoun [see intro to section II] had links to Diffus. Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun [not Sir Robert Gordon of Kirkcudbright], (1580–1656) was a Scottish politician and courtier, known as the historian of the noble house of Sutherland [see above]. Sir Robert Gordon, 3rd Baronet (1647–1704) was a Scottish courtier and politician. In 1676 he married his 2nd wife Margaret, widow of Alexander Sutherland, 1st Lord Duffus.
Note #4c: Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray was Keeper of the Signet in 1680. He was appointed Secretary of State in 1680, previous to his appointment he was known as an active opponent of the Covenanters.
Note #5: Poss Link to 1670 Robert Newall, lait clerk of Culrois [Culross]
Culross Abbey is a former Cistercian abbey in Culross, Scotland. The abbey was founded in 1217 by Malcolm I, Mormaer or Earl of Fife, and was first colonised by monks from Kinloss Abbey. Kinloss Abbey is a Cistercian abbey at Kinloss in the county of Moray, Scotland
To be Continued