My great grandmother Caroline Newell née Wells was from Salmon Cove, a community situated at the head of Bay de Grave, plus in the second half of the 19th century there were a number of other connections between the Newell family of ‘The Dock’ and the Wells family of Salmon Cove. There include:
- Richard Newell (son of John) married Mary Anne Wells of Salmon Cove in December 1849;
- Richard Newell’s second wife (married 1870) was Selina Jane Wells from Salmon Cove (daughter William Wells and Patience Bussey, source Judy Foote);
- John Newell , Richard’s brother and my great grandfather, married Caroline Wells of Salmon Cove c 1860, Caroline and Mary Ann (wife of Richard above) were sisters and their parents were Henry and Mary Ann Wells of Salmon Cove (source Judy Foote);
- John Wells of Salmon Cove (son of Richard and Frances Wells of Salmon Cove, source Judy Foote) married Lavinia Efford of Port de Grave at Bareneed in 1862. DNA test connect me to this John so he was likely a 1st cousin to Caroline;
- Robert James Wells of Salmon Cove married Ruth Newell of ‘The Dock’ in 1890, Robert (1858-1940) was the son of Robert Wells of Salmon Cove and a nephew of Caroline and Mary Ann Wells (source Judy Foote) ;
- Susannah Serrick, a daughter of Jacob Serrick and Sarah Elizabeth Wells of Cupids (linked to Salmon Cove), married John Newell son of Nathaniel (a brother of Richard and John) in 1890;
- Priscilla Serrick, another daughter of Jacob Serrick and Sarah Elizabeth Wells of Cupids married Nathaniel Newell Jr. (Nathan) son of Nathaniel Sr. and brother to John (above) in 1894.
Location of Salmon Cove (now part of the modern town of South River)
Salmon Cove gets it’s name from the salmon river called South River , that flows into Bay de Grave. This area was originally (up to early 1800s) called Southern Gut. A second river (North River) flows into Bay de Grave just north of South River and this area was originally called Northern Gut.
According to Seary et. al. (Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland) the Wells family was established in Port de Grave and Cupids by the 1770s:
The following is a list of some early references to the Wells name in the Port de Grave (PDG) / Cupids area:
1778 William Wells (likely from Port de Grave) married Elizabeth Porter at Harbour Grace (HG).
1786 Theophius Wells (of Cupids) and Grace, birth of daughter Mary recorded at HG
1790 Theophius Wells (of PDG) and Grace, birth of daughter Grace recorded at HG
1790 William Wells & Elizabeth of Hibbs Cove (part of Port de Grave), birth of daughter Patience at HG
1792 Theophius Wells (of PDG) and Grace, birth of daughter Anne recorded at HG
1811 William Wells and Mary Anthony had a son Nathan Bapt at Brigus Methodist
1811 Theophilus Wells and Jane Ford had a son Theophilus Bapt at Brigus Methodist
1812 Jane the wife of Theophilus Wells of Cupids buried, aged 40 years, Brigus Methodist
1813 James Wells and Mary Noseworthy death of daughter, Brigus Methodist
1817 A census of the Port de Grave area records six Wells as householders at Bareneed (William Sr, William Jr, Henry, John, Rick & Sam); no Wells were recorded at Port de Grave or Cupids. This census did not list any towns between Bareneed and Cupids. It included people from Otterbury and Northern Gut in Bareneed so statistics for Bareneed may also include Southern Gut (i.e Salmon Cove).
1822 Birth Mary Ann Wells (est from age at death) , 1st wife Richard Newell of The Dock
1828 Death William Wells Senr. River Head, Port de Grave (see 1817).
1834 Birth (est from age at death) Selina Jane Wells , 2nd wife Richard Newell of The Dock
1836 Birth Caroline Wells (est from age at death) daughter Henry Wells (wife John Newell of The Dock).
Given the data available it is impossible to establish the parents of Mary Ann Wells and Selina Wells since Baptismal records for Salmon Cove only start in 1860; however, since Caroline moved to the US around 1906 her fathers name (Henry) was recorded on her immigration papers (see: Caroline Newell wife John Death 1920 Mass ). There were several Henry Wells living in Salmon Cove around this time and I have attempted to group them:
#1. Henry Wells Salmon Cove Will Admin 1860; Henry Sr. of 1860 Church Society Report; only Henry in Salmon Cove in 1850 Church Society Report; poss Henry of Bareneed 1817 .
#2. Henry & Sarah:1860 birth son Henry (poss died 1895), 1865 birth of Son Levi; likely Henry Jr of 1860 Church Society Report & Sr of 1871 Directory, a Henry W of Salmon Cove died 1912 @ 63 born 1849.
#3. Henry & Matilda: 1867 birth of son James, 1872 (Gullies) , Henry born Cupids married Matilda in 1867 poss Henry jr of 1871;, Henry & Matilda daughter Patience bapt 1870 Brigus Methodist; Will 1921; a Henry (Harry) of Gullies died 1921 @ 83 born 1838 Brigus Methodist.
The Henry with the 1860 Will looks like the best candidate for Caroline’s father. Based on her DOB she would have been in her mid 20s when he died and she married John Newell. It was not unusual for daughters to marry around the time of their fathers death. This Henry would also fit as the father of Mary Ann and Selina Jane. The DNA data suggest a 4th cousin relationship which is one generation further removed from me than this Henry; however, the people with the matches could have an extra generation (or two) between them and the common ancestor which would fit better (generation removed). If this Henry was the Henry of the 1817 Bareneed census then it is possible that Willam Snr was his father. Some trees associated with DNA matches show a Henry Wells and Mary Ann House from Bonavista as the parents of the girls who moved to ‘The Dock’. My research shows this Henry and Mary of Bonavista were married in 1794 and had their last child in 1813 (would not fit Caroline born 1836). Unfortunately we have very little information on the Henry who died in 1860.
One report gives the following information: Susanna was the daughter of Henry and Mary Ann Wells of Salmon Cove, South River, Conception Bay, NL. Henry d. Sep 1860 and must have been born c. 1791 while his wife, Mary Ann died 1857. She was born c. 1797 (https://www.ancestry.com/boards/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=4154&p=localities.northam.canada.newbrunswick.saintjohn ).
1875 Henry William Wells & Rebecca birth of son Albert Meyrick
1874 Henry William married Rebecca Hussey in 1874.
1872 Henry & Matilda the Gullies, birth of son George
1871 Henry Wells Salmon Cove Lovell’s Directory
1870 Henry & Matilda daughter Patience bapt 1870 Brigus Methodist
1867 Henry & Matilda 1867 birth of son James,
1867 Henry born Cupids married Matilda in 1867
1865 Henry Wells (Jr) & Sarah birth of son Levi
1862 John Wells of Salmon Cove & Lavinia Efford married Bareneed
1861 Birth Patience Newell 1st daughter Caroline daughter of Henry.
1860 Will Henry Wells Salmon Cove
1860 Henry Wells Sr & Henry Wells Jr in Salmon Cove (Church Society Report)
1860 Henry Wells & Sarah birth of son Henry
1858 Patience Wells (but no Henry) in Church Society Report.
1857 Birth (from death) Robert James Wells (married Newell at Bareneed)
1855 Henry Wells & Henry Wells (no Jr/Sr) at Salmon Cove (Church Society Report)
1850 One Henry Wells Salmon Cove (Church Society Report)
1849 Richard Newell married Mary Anne Wells of Salmon Cove (James Wells witness)
1849 Henry W of Salmon Cove died 1912 @ 63 born 1849
1842 Reported birth Sarah Elizabeth Wells; 1863 methodist marriage to Jacob William Serrick of Cupids; her daughter Susanna married John Newell son of Nathanial of Dock. She passed away on 8 Dec 1925 in Bareneed see 1921 census Wife of john Sr mother Lewis born 1867 at cupids
1838 Henry (Harry) of Gullies died 1921 @ 83 born 1838 Brigus Methodist; Wife Matilda references in Will of 1921.
1836 birth Caroline Wells daughter Henry Wells (later wife John Newell)
1834 Selina Jane Wells born (2nd wife Richard Newell)
1828 Death William Wells Senr. River Head, Port de Grave.
1822 Mary Ann Wells born ( 1st wife Richard Newell)
1817 Henry Wells plus William Sr, William Jr, John, Rick & Sam Wells recorded at Bareneed (May include Southern Gut i.e Salmon Cove).
1790 William Wells & Elizabeth Hibbs Cove PDG birth of daughter Patience at HG
1778 William Wells married Elizabeth Porter at HG